Patricia Crone | Publications

Edited works, reviews and some semi-popular articles omitted.

Books

Hagarism, the Making of the Islamic World, Cambridge 1977 (with Michael Cook); unauthorized Arabic translation by N. Fayyāḍ, al-Hājariyyīn, Damascus (?) 2003.

Slaves on Horses, the Evolution of the Islamic Polity, Cambridge 1980.

God's Caliph, Religious Authority in the First Centuries of Islam, Cambridge 1986 (with Martin Hinds).

Roman, Provincial and Islamic Law, Cambridge 1987.

Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam, Princeton and Oxford 1987. Reprinted 2004. Arabic translation Cairo 2005.

Pre-industrial Societies, Oxford 1989; Swedish translation, Lund 1991, German translation, Munich 1992; second edition, Oxford 2003.

The Book of Strangers: Medieval Arabic Graffiti on the Theme of Nostalgia, Princeton 1999 (translation with S. Moreh; the rest by me); Danish translation, Copenhagen 2004.

The Epistle of Salim b. Dhakwan (with F. Zimmermann), Oxford 2001.

Medieval Islamic Political Thought, Edinburgh 2004 (published in America under the title God's Rule: Government and Islam. Six Centuries of Medieval Islamic Political Thought, New York 2004); paperback 2005. Turkish translation, Istanbul 2007; Persian translation, Tehran 2011 (ch. 13 reprinted as an article in the periodical Bukhara spring 2011); Arabic translation in progress.

From Kavād to al-Ghazālī: Religion, Law and Political Thought in the Near East, c. 600-1100. Variorum reprint of 12 articles, Ashgate 2005.

From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire: Army, State and Society in the Near East c. 600-850, Ashgate 2008. Variorum reprint of 12 articles.

The Nativist Prophets of Early Islamic Iran: Rural Revolt and Local Zoroastrianism, Cambridge 2012.

Articles

Islam, Judeo-Christianity and Byzantine Iconoclasm,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam ii, 1980, pp. 59-95 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. III).

Jāhilī and Jewish Law: the Qasama,”Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam iv, 1984, pp. 153-201 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. IV).

The Tribe and the State,” in J. A. Hall (ed.), States in History, Oxford 1986, pp. 48-77; revised version in J. A. Hall (ed.), The State, London 1994, i, 446-476 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. I).

“Max Weber, das islamische Recht und die Entstehung des Kapitalismus,” in W. Schluchter (ed.), Max Weber's Sicht des Islams, Frankfurt am Main 1987, pp. 294-333. Revised English version, “Weber, Islamic Law, and the Rise of Capitalism,” in T. E. Huff and W. Schluchter (eds), Max Weber and Islam, New Brunswick 1999, 247-72 (=From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. VI).

Did al-Ghazālī write a Mirror for Princes?,”  Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam x, 1987 (Festschrift for M. J. Kister), pp. 161-91 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. XII).

On the Meaning of the ٴAbbāsid Call to al-Riḍā,” in The Islamic World, Essays in  Honor of Bernard Lewis, ed. C. E. Bosworth and others, Princeton 1989, pp. 95-111 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. VII).

Kavād's Heresy and Mazdak's Revolt,” Iran, xxix, 1991, pp. 21-42 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. XII).

“Serjeant and Meccan Trade,” Arabica xxix, 1992, pp. 216-40.

“Tribes and States in the Middle East,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 3, 1993, pp. 353-76 (review article) (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. II).

“ ‘Even an Ethiopian Slave’: The Transformation of a Sunni Tradition,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies lvii, 1994, pp. 59-67.

Were the Qays and Yemen of the Umayyad Period Political Parties?,” Der Islam lxxi, 1994, pp. 1-57 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. VIII).

Zoroastrian Communism,” Comparative Studies in Society and History xxxvi, 1994, pp. 447-62 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. II).

The First-Century Concept of Hiğra,” Arabica xli, 1994, pp. 352-87 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. III).

“Two Legal Problems Bearing on the Early History of the Qur'ān,Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 18, 1994, pp. 1-37 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. V).

“The Rise of Islam in the World,” in F. Robinson (ed.),Cambridge Illustrated History of the Islamic World, Cambridge 1996, pp. 2-31.

“A Note on Muqātil b. Ḥayyān and Muqātil b. Sulaymān,” Der Islam 74.2, 1997, pp. 238-49 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. V).

The ٴAbbasid Abnā'and Sasanid Cavalrymen,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 8, 1998, pp. 1-19 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. VIII).

“A Statement by the Najdiyya Khārijites on the Necessity of the Imamate,” Studia Islamica, 88, 1998, pp. 55-76 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. IX).

“The Early Islamic World,” in K. Raaflaub and N. Rosenstein (eds), War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds, Cambridge Mass. 1999, 309-32.

The Significance of Wooden Weapons in the Revolt of al-Mukhtār and the Abbasid Revolution,” in Studies in Honour of Clifford Edmund Bosworth, i, Leiden 2000, 174-85 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. VI).

Ninth-Century Muslim Anarchists,” Past and Present 167, 2000, 3-28 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. X).

“The Khārijites and the Caliphal Title,” in Studies in Islamic and Middle Eastern Texts and Traditions in Memory of Norman Calder, Oxford 2000, 85-91 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. XI).

Shūrā as an Elective Institution,” Quaderni di Studi Arabi 19, 2001, 3-39 (= From Kavād to al-Ghazālī [Variorum], Aldershot 2005, no. VII).

“A New Source on Ismailism at the Samanid Court” (with Luke Treadwell), in Texts, Documents and Artefacts: Islamic Studies in Honour of D. S. Richards, ed. C. F. Robinson, Leiden and Boston 2003, 37-67.

“What was al-Fārābī’s Imamic Constitution?,” Arabica 50, 2003, 306-21.

“The Pay of Client Soldiers,” Der Islam 80, 2003, 284-300 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. X).

“Al- Fārābī’s Imperfect Constitutions,” Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph 57, 2004, 191-228.

Mawālī and the Prophet's Family: an Early Shī'ite View,” in M. Bernards and J. Nawas (eds.), Patronate and Patronage in Early and Classical Islam, Leiden 2005, 167-94 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. XI).

How did the Quranic Pagans Make a Living?,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 68, 2005, pp. 387-99; Danish translation in Tidskrift for Dansk Islamsforskning 1, 2006.

Post-Colonialism in Tenth-Century Islam,” Der Islam 83, 2006, 2-38.

Imperial Trauma: the Case of the Arabs,” Common Knowledge  12, 2006, 107-16 (= From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire [Variorum], Aldershot 2008, no. XII).

“Abū Saٴīd al-Ḥaḍrī and Theodicy,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 31, 2006, 92-106.

Quraysh and the Roman Army: Making Sense of the Meccan Leather Trade,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 70, 2007, 63-88.

“ ‘Barefoot and Naked’: What did the Bedouin of the Arab Conquests Look Like?,” Muqarnas 25, 2008, 1-11.

No compulsion in religion: Q. 2:256 in Medieval and Modern Interpretation,” in Le Shīٴisme imāmite quarante ans après, ed. M. A. Amir Moezzi, M. M. Bar-Asher and S. Hopkins, Turnhout 2009, 131-78.

“The Muqannaٴ narrative in the Tārīkhnāma,” (with M. Jafari Jazi), part 1 (text and translation), Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 73/2, 2010, 157-77; part 2 (commentary and analysis), 73/3, 2010, 381–413.

“The Ancient Near East and Islam: the Case of Lot Casting,” (with A. Silverstein) Journal of Semitic Studies 55, 2010, 433-50.

The Religion of the Qur'ānic Pagans: God and the Lesser Deities,” Arabica 57, 2010, 151-200.

“Abū Tammām on the Mubayyiḍa,” in Omar Ali-de-Unzaga (ed.), Fortresses of the Intellect: Ismaili and Other Islamic Studies in Honour of Farhad Daftary, London 2011, 167-88.

“Angels versus Humans as Messengers of God,” in Revelation, Literature, and Society in Late Antiquity, ed. P. Townsend and M. Vidas, Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism, Tübingen 2011, 315-36.

"The Dahrīs according to al-Jāḥiẓ," Mélanges de l'Université de St Joseph 63, 2010-11, 63-82.  

"Al-Jāḥiẓ on aṣḥāŒb al-jahālāt and the Jahmiyya," in Medieval Arabic Thought: Essays in Honour of Fritz Zimmermann, ed. R. Hansberger, M. Afifi al-Akiti and C. Burnett, London and Turin 2012, 27-40.

"The Qur'ānic Mushrikūn and the Resurrection, part I," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 75/3, 2012, 445-72; part II, ibid., 76/1, 2012, 1-20.

The Book of Watchers in the Qur'ān,” in Exchange and Transmission across Cultural Boundaries: Philosophy, Mysticism and Science in the Mediterranean, ed. H. Ben-Shammai, S. Shaked and S. Stroumsa, Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 2013, 16-51.

"Traditional Political Thought," in Islamic Political Thought: An Introduction, ed. Gerhard Bowering, Princeton/Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2015, 238-251.

"Problem in sura 53," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 78/1, 2015, 15-23.

" 'Jihad': Idea and History," Cosmopolis 2015/1, 99-104.

Main semi-popular writings

What do we actually know about Mohammed?,” Open Democracy (web publication), 31 August 2006.

Jihad: Idea and History,” Open Democracy (web publication), 1 May 2007.

Islam and Religious Freedom,” keynote speech at the Deutscher Orientalistentag, 2007. Also published at the “Open Democracy” website (without the beginning) under the title “No pressure, then: freedom of religion in Islam.”

In press

"Moqannaٴ," Encyclopaedia Iranica

“Pre-Existence in Iran: Zoroastrians, ex-Christian Muٴtazilites, and Jews on the Human Acquisition of Bodies,” forthcoming in Aram.